Five Important Ways to Look at Spectrum - Featuring the MVDDS (12.2 GHz) Spectrum January 30, 2020 14:36
What is the best report to use to understand the ownership for each block of spectrum or each carrier's spectrum portfolio? I am going to walk through five of my favorites, using the Multichannel Video and Data Distribution Service (MVDDS) band as an example of a band where the spectrum owners and their relative ownership is not widely known. The MVDDS 5G Coalition has been pressing the FCC since 2016 to make the 12.2-12.7 GHz band available for 5G.
The first place to start is looking at the National Spectrum Depth averages. This can be done with our National Weighted Average Spectrum Depth charts. The chart below describes the average amount of spectrum that the 8 primary carriers own in the MVDDS band. Since this band includes 500 MHz of spectrum in all markets, Dish is the majority spectrum holder, controlling 377 MHz of spectrum on average. Because the National Weighted Average Spectrum Depth charts include of all of the millimeter wave spectrum bands, it is clear that Dish is the only MVDDS licensee that also owns traditional millimeter wave spectrum.
National Average Spectrum Depth:
The population weighted average spectrum depths are influenced significantly by the amount of spectrum held in population centers, so looking at Licensed Population values will provide insight into how much of the US population can be reached with each carrier's MVDDS licenses. From the chart below, Dish's licenses can reach 75% of the US population, with RS Access reaching 13%, and Go Long Wireless reaching nearly 5%.
The next view, is to looking at the Top 25 or Top 50 population centers. Using the CMA Market Analysis Module, in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, it is easily seen that Dish controls the MVDDS spectrum in all of the Top 25 CMA markets except for Baltimore MD, where the spectrum is owned by Go Long Wireless.
Top 25 CMA Markets:
Next, to look at this spectrum band from a valuation perspective, it makes sense to detail the MHz-POPs that each carrier controls. MHz-POPs is calculated by multiplying the size of the spectrum (500 MHz) times the population of each county where it is controlled. Totaling these values for all counties provides the national band ownership quantity.
Geographic Maps are fairly self explanatory. Maps highlight areas not served, overserved, and highlight geographically adjacent markets that would be difficult to identify in the tabular results we have discussed above. Included in the maps below is a map detailing the licenses that the FCC now controls. These typically include cancelled and terminated licenses.
Cass Cable Licenses:
Historical Spectrum Data - A Look Back to 2012...MetroPCS, SpectrumCo, Clearwire, and Leap Wireless January 20, 2020 14:58
One of the benefits of Allnet Insights' Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tools, is the repository of monthly releases that we have accumulated. With the USA Mobile Carrier Tool we have monthly versions going back to July 2012. Each of our historical tools details spectrum ownership and the variety of spectrum depth analysis modules that were supported at that time.
I thought it would be interesting to look back at the spectrum ownership landscape from July 2012. Looking first at our Spectrum Grid for low band spectrum, you can see that Verizon still holds the 700MHz B block licenses that were sold later to AT&T. In addition, Verizon also holds the 700MHz A block licenses that were sold to T-Mobile.
Looking next at the lower mid band spectrum, former licensees like SpectrumCo, Leap Wireless, and MetroPCS still control blocks of AWS-1 and PCS spectrum. This view of spectrum ownership also allows you to see how Verizon consolidated their AWS-1 spectrum holdings with SpectrumCo's holdings into a 20 MHz block through spectrum license trades with T-Mobile and their MetroPCS licenses. Today Verizon controls the lower 20 MHz of the AWS-1 band and T-Mobile controls the upper 25 MHz in the New York / New Jersey counties.
Looking at the upper mid band spectrum we first see all of the original WCS spectrum licensees: Horizon Wi-Com, Nextwave, Sprint, Comcast, and San Diego Gas & Electric. Clearwire also appears in the upper mid band Spectrum Grid with their 2.5GHz spectrum holdings.
It is interesting then to look at our County Analysis module to see the detail on each carrier's spectrum depth. It is noteworthy to mention that Verizon has 119 MHz of spectrum in most of the New York / New Jersey counties with AT&T trailing with 91 MHz of spectrum. Verizon still sits with rough the same amount of spectrum although they replaced all of the 700MHz spectrum they sold to AT&T and T-Mobile with SpectrumCo spectrum and AWS-3 spectrum while AT&T has growth while AT&T has grown their spectrum depth in the same counties to 161 MHz.
Rogers (CAN) 5G Spectrum and Roll out January 16, 2020 00:00
Today, Fierce Wireless had an article examining Rogers 5G roll out announcement. The article states that Rogers will initially deploy using 2.5 GHz spectrum followed by 600 MHz and 3.5 GHz. Although we are familiar with these bands from a US spectrum allocation, it is important to understand several of the differences between the Canadian allocations and the US allocations.
First, we are going to look at the 2.5 GHz band using the Spectrum Grid from our Canadian Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. Canada's 2.5 GHz spectrum is configured to the international standard with paired (FDD) LTE Band 7 and TDD band 38/41. In each of the 4 deployment cities, Rogers controls FDD and TDD spectrum. I believe that Rogers will be deploying the TDD/Band 41 spectrum blocks due to its compatibility with Sprint's 5G deployment and the Band 41 ecosystem. Rogers has 20 MHz of spectrum available in each of their roll out markets which should deliver about 30% of the speed performance that Sprint is achieving on their 5G launches.
Second, Rogers will roll out 5G using their 600 MHz low band spectrum. This spectrum is configured identically to the US allocation with 7 x 10 MHz FDD channels in LTE Band 71. Rogers has 10 MHz channels available in all of their roll out markets except Toronto where they have a 20 MHz channel available.
Third, Rogers will roll out 5G in Canada's 3.5 GHz band. In the US, this spectrum is primarily allocated as CBRS spectrum requiring the use of a Spectrum Access System (SAS) with multiple users. The entire CBRS band is 150 MHz while the Canadian 3.5 GHz band is 200 MHz broken up into 20 - 10 MHz (TDD) channels. Canada will be licensing all of this spectrum to carriers, while the US model is shared spectrum. Since the 3.5 GHz auction has not occurred, Rogers spectrum ownership in these markets is unknown. The 3.5 GHz auction will occur sometime in 2020.
Another Verizon AWS-3 Acquisition - Blue Ridge Wireless November 28, 2019 20:07
Yesterday, Verizon filed to acquire all of Blue Ridge Wireless' paired AWS-3 spectrum. This is Verizon's second acquisition of AWS-3 spectrum in the last two months. Last month Verizon filed to acquire AWS-3 spectrum from Cypress Cellular. Let's look at the details for the Blue Ridge Wireless purchase with Allnet's Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tools. We will look at the geographic coverage in our Web Spectrum Viewer - Mapping Module, MHz-POPs and Licensed POPs in our Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
The map below depicts all of Blue Ridge Wireless' AWS-3 licenses. Verizon is only purchasing Blue Ridge's paired spectrum licenses, leaving the uplink only spectrum (A1 and B1) with Blue Ridge.
In the graphic below, we show the amount of the US population, that each channel of Blue Ridge's AWS-3 spectrum licenses can reach. Clearly, the A1/B1 uplink channels represent the majority of the licensed population Blue Ridge controls. The collection of G channel licenses reach 2.6 million people.
From our MHz-POPs summary below, Blue Ridge Wireless licenses represent 108 million MHz-POPs. This includes their paired and unpaired spectrum. The Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool also includes a detailed MHz-POPs module highlighting the MHz-POPs controlled in each county by frequency band.
Verizon Sweeps up Two Additional 28GHz Acquistions November 26, 2019 07:33
Last week, Verizon filed applications to acquire the 28GHz (LMDS) spectrum held by two additional companies; Sunshine LMDS and Virginia Tech Foundation. We are using our recently released, Web Spectrum Viewer - Mapping Module to illustrate the spectrum owned by each of these companies. As with Verizon's other recent 28GHz acquisitions these transactions involve the Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS) spectrum that was owned prior to Auction 101. The first map below illustrates the license area for Sunshine LMDS. Verizon is only acquiring the L1 and L2 channel spectrum from Sunshine LMDS. The spectrum depths on the map indicate that Sunshine controls the L1/L2 channels (850MHz) and the remaining A block LMDS channels (300MHz). The county detail for Sunshine's spectrum is indicated in the second map.
Sunshine LMDS - County Detail:
The second transaction involves Virginia Tech Foundation. In this transaction, Verizon is acquiring rights to both the L1/L2 channels as well as the remaining A block LMDS spectrum. In the county detail map, the counties where Virginia Tech only controls the L1/L2 channels are visible in light tan color, while the markets where they also control the remaining A block LMDS channels are in a dark tan. The FCC controls the remaining A block LMDS channels in the counties where Virginia Tech Foundation only controls the L1/L2 channels.
Virginia Tech Foundation:
Virginia Tech Foundation - County Detail:
Sub 6GHz and Millimeter Wave Spectrum Ownership Mapping November 5, 2019 21:57
Allnet Insights & Analytics is pleased to announce the availability of our Mobile Carrier and Millimeter Wave Spectrum Mapping Modules. The Mapping Modules operates within our Web Spectrum Viewer to provide National maps, including all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands; along with county-level details. The maps provide insights into each carrier and licensee's total spectrum, and spectrum in each frequency band. For the mobile carrier bands (sub 6GHz), the low band, lower-mid band, and upper-mid band spectrum depths are also provided. Below are maps that show various aspects of AT&T's Sub 6GHz and Millimeter Wave Spectrum. The final map zooms in on AT&T's 24GHz spectrum in Colorado to show the county detail. Selecting an individual county (Garfield in our example) displays the actual spectrum depth in the legend box.
AT&T Total Sub 6GHz Spectrum Depth:
AT&T Low Band Spectrum Depth:
AT&T Cellular Spectrum Depth:
AT&T Total Millimeter Wave Spectrum Depth:
AT&T 24GHz Spectrum Depth:
AT&T 24GHz Spectrum Depth (County Detail):
Verizon AWS-3 Spectrum Acquistion October 11, 2019 15:02
This week Verizon filed to acquire 40 AWS-3 licenses from Cypress Cellular. I thought this would give us a good opportunity to gain strategic insights into how this acquisition fits with Verizon's existing spectrum portfolio.
First up, a national map of Cypress Cellular's AWS-3 spectrum. Most counties have 10MHz of paired spectrum (5x5) while 3 counties have 20MHz of paired spectrum (10x10).
To see how Cypress Cellular's channels fit with Verizon's existing AWS-1 and AWS-3 spectrum, we use the Spectrum Grid modules from the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. To find all of the counties where Cypress control AWS-3 spectrum, we auto filter on Cypress's 3 character code (CYC). This allows us to see that on the counties displayed, Cypress owns the G block channels. It also allows us to determine if the spectrum is contiguous with any other Verizon spectrum and whether Verizon has any other AWS-3 in that county. In the Florida counties shown, Verizon will increase the LTE channel size in the AWS-3 band from 10MHz to 15MHz with this acquisition.
Another way we can evaluate this acquisition is to look at the county spectrum depths in the County Analysis Module. From this data, we can see that Verizon lacks AWS-3 spectrum in most of the counties shown in this view. In some counties Verizon will have a total of 30MHz of spectrum after the transaction closes. All of this analysis focuses on 36 of the 191 counties involved in this transaction.
Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool Release for MEXICO September 30, 2019 15:06
Allnet Insights & Analytics is excited to announce an expansion of our industry leading spectrum ownership analysis products to cover the Mobile Carrier (600MHz to 3.7GHz) frequency bands for Mexico. We are releasing not only a October 2019 new release, but historical monthly releases going back to June 2016. The Mobile Carrier Tool not only provides the spectrum allocation details for all of the Mexican Mobile Carrier spectrum but it provides 21 different analysis modules and charts to analyze and compare each wireless carrier's spectrum assets by channel, market, frequency band, band classification, and LTE band class. Each carrier's licensed population and MHz-POPs values are included as well.
The Mexican Spectrum Grid details the current and future spectrum ownership for each municipio (county). The municipio areas can be seen on the map below which indicates Ultravision's Broadband Radio (2.5GHz) holdings.
Below is the Mexican Spectrum Grid for the Mobile Carrier low band spectrum. All of the 600MHz spectrum is currently controlled by the Federal Telecommunications Institute (IPF) leading up to an early 2020 auction.
28GHz Acquistions | Verizon and USCellular September 24, 2019 08:30
This month, millimeter wave spectrum licenses have begun to trade again. Both USCellular and Verizon have filed to acquire multiple licenses from several carriers as depicted on the maps below:
Note: All of these licenses were held prior to Auction 101.
Verizon's NFL 5G Stadiums - Available 5GNR Channel Size September 10, 2019 11:34
With Verizon's announcement last week concerning 5G NFL stadiums, we decided to look at Verizon's 28GHz spectrum allocations, using the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, to determine the 5GNR channel sizes they could offer in each market. As seen below, Verizon launched stadiums in 4 markets where they are limited to 200MHz channels, while the remaining stadiums are in markets with the full allotment of 400MHz. It would be interesting to know if Verizon has a more restricted demo in the 200MHz markets or whether the full demo exposes the capacity limitations of those markets.
T-Mobile | Sprint PCS Spectrum Synergies (Maximum NR/LTE Channel Size) August 20, 2019 17:41
Recently there was an article in Fierce Wireless discussing the ability for Sprint and T-Mobile to combine their PCS spectrum for larger LTE channels. The article discussed a few of the largest markets, but we will use our LTE/NR Channel Analysis Module from the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to evaluate every US county. We will be determining the increase in the maximum LTE/NR channel size before the merger and after the merger.
In our tools, the analysis starts with the Spectrum Grid, where the ownership of contiguous blocks of spectrum can be seen, for each county. Prior to the merger, the spectrum held by T-Mobile and Sprint in the Houston CMA market counties appears below:
After the merger, the Spectrum Grid will look like this:
As you can see, T-Mobile increases their maximum channel size by combining the PCS-A and PCS-D channels.
This can be seen in a tabular format in the LTE/NR Channel Analysis Module before the merger:
and after the merger. Looking in the PCS (n25) columns, 20MHz is indicated as the new maximum channel size. For the map below, Houston will show a 5MHz channel size increase because it moved from 15MHz to 20MHz.
Below we have mapped the increase of PCS channel size for T-Mobile post merger. This only indicates if the maximum channel size will increase post merger, it does not indicate if New T-Mobile will hold additional PCS channels that are not contiguous with the maximum channel.
From the map, you will note that the San Francisco area, doesn't see an increase in T-Mobile's maximum LTE channel size. Because Sprint's spectrum is at the top and bottom of the band while T-Mobile's is in the middle.
All of the major carriers and USCellular have traded spectrum in the AWS and PCS bands to consolidate their spectrum holdings into the largest channels. Although Verizon and T-Mobile could exchange T-Mobile's PCS-A spectrum for Verizon's PCS-C, I doubt that this exchange will be made because it only benefits T-Mobile.
Telus Expands Band 66 Capacity in Canada August 13, 2019 14:47
Last month, Telus applied and was approved to lease part of the AWS-4 spectrum band in Canada from Terrestar. Terrestar owns both parts (uplink and downlink) of the AWS-4 band for all of Canada. In Canada, the AWS-4 band is still configured for duplex (FDD) operation where in the US, Dish received approval to operate all of the spectrum for downlink.
Telus will be leasing the spectrum in the most urban areas of Canada, not including Toronto with typically 20MHz spectrum leases. Telus is leasing this spectrum over a population of 13 million, roughly 38% of Canada's population. Below are geographic maps indicating each of the areas where Telus will be leasing spectrum. In Canada spectrum leases are called subordinations of licenses. We will discuss why this spectrum is important to Telus below with outputs from our Canadian Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
From the Spectrum Grid below, Telus is acquiring the downlink AWS-4 spectrum which lies within Band 66 which is now widely deployed in the US for both the AWS-1 and AWS-3 bands. This will provide immediate service improvements once the network is constructed because handsets have been supporting Band 66 for several years. The remaining part of the AWS-4 spectrum (for uplink), would fall into Band 23, which has little to no handset support.
We can see a second reason for acquiring this spectrum by looking at the Company Analysis module, detailing Telus's spectrum holdings in each of these Tier 4 service areas.
In many of these Tier 4 service areas (similar to US counties), Telus has limited or no BRS (2.5GHz) spectrum. The BRS spectrum they do control in these markets is paired (FDD) Band 7 rather than the TDD Band 41 that Sprint controls in the US. Overall, this spectrum acquisition provides Telus with an immediate capacity improvement since they can expand their Band 66 downlink capacity by 10 or 20MHz.
2.5 GHz Auction - Great for Rural Markets, Limited for Urban August 1, 2019 17:48
In July, the FCC released their report and order for their plans to auction the white space 2.5 GHz spectrum. Using our Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool we have created a couple of images to illustrated the auction of the spectrum in a rural county and the auction of spectrum in a urban county.
Our rural example focuses on Wayne County, Iowa. Wayne County has a population of nearly 6,500.
In the image above, we indicate the primary spectrum ownership for each channel in Wayne, IA. Sprint is the spectrum owner for all of the BRS (Broadband Radio Service) channels and the FCC is the spectrum owner for all of the EBS (Educational Broadcast Service) channels. We have highlighted in the Bandwidth row, the different channels the FCC has defined for auction. The red highlights are for the 49.5MHz channel, the green highlights indicate the channels included in the 50.5MHz channel and the blue highlights indicate the channels included in 17.5MHz channel. The 17.5MHz channel consists of 3 x 5.5MHz contiguous channels and 3 x 0.33MHz guard band channels.
In the area below each channel we indicate in green, the available population that can be licensed for each channel as a percentage. Clearly, purchasing any of the 3 channels (49.5, 50.5, 17.5) at auction would provide a carrier with the ability to service 100% of the population with each of the component 2.5GHz channels.
Our urban example focuses on McHenry County, IL. McHenry County has a population of nearly 310,000. McHenry County is one of the 6 counties that constitute the Chicago CMA Market.
In the urban example, the carrier that purchases the red (49.5MHz) channel would be able build a network reaching 20% of the population with the A1, A2, and A3 channels (16.5MHz), they would be able to reach 80% of the population with the B1, B2, B3, and C3 channels, and they can reach the entire population with the C1 and C2 channels. The auction winning carrier will have to coordinate their operations for all but the C1 and C2 channels around the geographic license areas that Sprint already controls.
5G New Radio (NR) Band Analysis July 23, 2019 15:48
In July we expanded the analysis capabilities of our Mobile Carrier and Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tools to include 5G New Radio(NR) Band Analysis for each of the 3GPP supported bandwidths in each US NR band class.
First, in the Mobile Carrier Tool, we are supporting both the uplink and downlink NR bands separately for bands that provide Frequency Division (FDD) operation. This analysis module outputs the largest channel size (for both uplink and downlink) that a carrier could deploy in their 5G/LTE uplink carrier aggregation scheme or their downlink carrier aggregation scheme. Below in the downlink analysis for AT&T you can see the maximum channel sizes for n12 band spectrum (700MHz A/B/C) versus their n29 band spectrum (700MHz D/E),which is downlink only, and their n14 band spectrum (FirstNet); for each county in the New York Cellular Market Area (CMA).
Similarly, the uplink analysis indicates the maximum uplink channel size for all of the uplink spectrum.
The n41 band spectrum that Sprint's controls (2.5GHz) is seen in the Time Division Duplex(TDD) section. The analysis tool determines the largest contiguous channel that Sprint can deploy with their leases/owned spectrum including the mid-band segment guard bands. From the results below, Sprint can configure 80MHz 5G/LTE channels in two New York counties and they can configure a 60MHz channel in one additional New York county. The remaining counties are limited to carrier aggregation of 20MHz channels.
In the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, all of the spectrum is configured to Time Division Duplex(TDD) operation. Below, you can see the different bandwidths that T-Mobile can deploy using their 24GHz or 28GHz spectrum in the New York counties. Each of the 3GPP standardized bandwidths of 400, 200, 100, and 50MHz are detailed for each spectrum band.
Millimeter Wave Auction Results and Charts June 3, 2019 21:20
Today, the FCC released results for Auction 101 (28 GHz) and Auction 102 (24 GHz). These results are now posted in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. The Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool provides 19 analysis modules to analyze each carrier's ownership in each of the millimeter wave bands. These modules include a spectrum ownership grid (below), seven different spectrum depth analysis modules, a MHz-POPs analysis module, and 3 licensed POPs analysis modules.
To summarize some of the auction results, we updated pie charts that were originally published in partnership with Fierce Wireless. These charts represent each carrier's MHz-POPs in terms of the country total.
AT&T's Low Band 5G | 700MHz or Cellular May 9, 2019 22:35
Late last year, AT&T began to discuss refarming their low-band spectrum for 5G, but they didn't indicate which of their low band spectrum blocks would be used. With some spectrum acquisitions that have been filed over the last 6 months, I believe their plans are becoming more clear. The 3 blocks of low band spectrum that AT&T controls are 700MHz (A,B, and C channels), 700MHz (FirstNet), and the Cellular (A & B channels). I am going to assume that the FirstNet spectrum is not being considered since it must support public safety networks, leaving the 700MHz and Cellular bands for refarming. The first indicator, was AT&T's acquisition of FBS 700's spectrum in South Dakota and their acquisition of part of C Spire's 700MHz spectrum in the southeast.
To see AT&T's total 700MHz spectrum, we used Allnet Insights' Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to total AT&T's ownership of the 700MHz A, B, and C channels in each US county. In the counties where they own all three channels, they could deploy a 15MHz 5G channel. From the map below, it appears that AT&T would cover most of the US with a 10MHz 5G channel.
The next map highlights the counties where AT&T controls both cellular channels (A & B). In the limited markets where they control both channels (Texas and Florida), they could have a 5G channel size of 20MHz, but for most of the country that would be limited to a 10MHz 5G channel size. It is important to remember that the areas where AT&T doesn't control any cellular spectrum the bands are controlled by USCellular and/or Verizon, making cellular spectrum acquisitions unlikely.
Another important way to evaluate the usefulness of each band is to measure the amount of population that can be reach with the licenses in each band. To evaluate this we used the Licensed POPs Analysis Module from the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. Since AT&T's 700MHz spectrum covers 44 million addition people compared to AT&T's Cellular spectrum, I believe that AT&T is planning to utilize their 700MHz spectrum for their upcoming Low Band 5G deployments. This appears to be confirmed by AT&T's recent acquisitions.
Where are AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, and Sprint adding or losing spectrum? April 30, 2019 10:53
One of the unique features of Allnet Insight's spectrum database and tools is the ability to evaluate the effect of pending applications on each carriers spectrum holdings. We have typically displayed the changes in spectrum depth in a tabular format in our National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Reports. The map below illustrates the increase or decrease in held spectrum for each of the national carriers based on the FCC transactions that are pending in April 2019 report. These changes are aggregated to the affected CMA Markets with green ranges indicating increases in held spectrum and red ranges indicating decreases in held spectrum.
With this view you can broadly see Verizon's pending acquisition of Cable & Cellular Communications' spectrum in Montana, along with AT&T's acquisition of FBS 700 LLC's spectrum in South Dakota, and AT&T's acquisition of part of C Spire's spectrum in the southeast. These maps only show the net effect on each carrier's total spectrum but the National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Report reveals not only the changes in total spectrum depth, but also the changes in spectrum depth for each band category and each frequency band.
Verizon's Pending Transaction Detail:
The last five rows represent the CMA markets in Montana affected by the Cable & Cellular Communications transaction. The first column represents the total positive or negative spectrum contribution. The light blue columns highlight the effect to low band, mid band, or high band spectrum and the grey columns reflect individual frequency band components. Looking at these columns it is easy to see that Verizon is predominantly gaining mid band spectrum, including AWS-1, AWS-3, and PCS.
Monthly National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Reports are available going back to December 2013.
Canadian 600MHz Spectrum Auction Results and Analysis April 22, 2019 13:44
The map below shows the amount of 600MHz spectrum that Rogers added as a result of the auction which closed on 4/4. Twelve companies competed in the auction which ran from March 12, 2019 to April 4, 2019. The auction raised $3.47 billion. We have reflected the results from this auction in our May 2019 - Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (CAN).
The Low Band Population Weighted Average spectrum depth chart below illustrates the average amount of 600MHz, 700MHz, and Cellular spectrum controlled by the major Canadian carriers. Rogers is clearly outpacing the other carriers in low band spectrum, providing them a path to 5G similar to T-Mobile's US strategy; broad coverage and better capacity than LTE.
The licensed POPs chart illustrates how much of the Canadian population, Roger's can reach with each of their available low band frequencies. They have near nationwide (35M POPs) reach with both 600MHz and Cellular frequencies, but they can only reach about 22M POPs with their 700MHz spectrum. Roger's can use the 700MHz A and B channels to potentially reach 62% of the Canadian Population and they can use the 700MHz C channel to reach an additional 9% of the Canadian population. In the US, 700MHz A is predominantly used by T-Mobile reaching up to 85% of the US population, while AT&T primarily uses the 700MHz B and C channels reaching up to 90% and 95% of the US population respectively.
Spectrum Analysis Tools - NR Band Enhancements (Input Requested) April 15, 2019 08:00
We recent made a couple of updates to our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to highlight NR Band configurations. First, we added a Spectrum Depth by NR Band which shows a carrier's spectrum depth for each county along with their max spectrum depth and a population weighted average. The next image below is where we would like to have your input. Several of our customer have requested the ability to see the different channels sizes that a carrier can form in each NR Band.
We have done this before for the Mobile Carrier bands (600-4.2GHz) in our LTE Channel Analysis Module. In our Mobile Carrier Tool we utilize 5MHz, 10MHz, 15Mhz, and 20 MHz as the standard channel sizes for LTE and we display them in the layout below. What are the channel sizes that we should include for the NR bands in the Millimeter Wave frequencies? The initial input we received included (400MHz, 300MHz, 200MHz, 100MHz, and 50MHz) channels.
Which format would be the most useful? The above image groups the frequency band within each channel size, while the image below has channel sizes grouped by NR band.
The previous formats indicate the configurations that a carrier can achieve at a county-level. To generalize a carrier's available channel size, I developed a histogram which indicates the number of occurrences for each channel size within a NR band. The chart indicates that the dominant channel configuration for T-Mobile's 600MHz spectrum is 15MHz. The image below only includes the counties associated with the Top 100 CMA markets which provide a more capacity/traffic related view. Please provide input if you feel the histogram would be useful along with any other feedback.
Background on Unavailable Spectrum - 24GHz (Auction 102) April 9, 2019 22:06
As Auction 102 completes its 64th round today, I thought it would be a good time to share a map indicating the markets (PEA) where existing licensees already control spectrum prior to the start of the Auction 102. As you can see below, the FCC doesn't control 100MHz of the 24GHz spectrum in Reno (PEA076), Las Vegas (PEA026), and Phoenix (PEA015). The FCC also doesn't control 25MHz of spectrum in Albuquerque (PEA075). All of these licenses originally were controlled by M&M Brothers LLC and they track back to the original 40x40MHz channelization of the 24GHz band. M&M Brothers agreed to trade in their Casa Grande (PEA126), Saint George (PEA229), Gallup (PEA285), Socorro (PEA323), and Deming (PEA375) licenses for 100MHz licenses in the 3 yellow PEAs and a 25MHz license in the blue. Skyriver Spectrum & Technology now controls M&M Brothers licenses.
While the national map indicates the available spectrum depth on a PEA basis, our Spectrum Grid Analysis Module details the specific channels and counties that make up each of the PEA license assignments. In the Spectrum Grid, you can see complete ownership of channel 7 for all of the counties in PEA 15, 26, and 76; with on 25MHz in the two New Mexico counties.
Are AT&T and Verizon Leveraging Temporary Licenses for Millimeter 5G? April 2, 2019 17:44
Recently in our spectrum transaction tracking we discovered some Millimeter Wave Special Temporary Authority (STA) licenses that AT&T and Verizon have filed in the 39GHz band to conduct wideband testing and for AT&T it appears the spectrum will be used for a market launch later this year.
To see what is going on, let's look at Verizon and AT&T's ownership of the 39GHz band in the Chicago PEA market (PEA003) with our Spectrum Grid module. The Spectrum Grid modules is one of nineteen analysis modules in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. Below you can see the specific channels that AT&T and Verizon control. This spectrum is still paired, meaning the lower channels are for uplink and the upper channels are for downlink. It is apparent that Verizon and AT&T's channels are commingled and that neither carrier can utilize a channel larger than 150MHz (AT&T is limited to 50MHz). You can see 4 channels that the FCC does control in the lower band, but these are not the channels that AT&T or Verizon requested in their STA.
They each requested channels in the new 37GHz band which will be auctioned later this year. This spectrum is adjacent to the existing 39GHz licensed bands
The spectrum allocations that Verizon and AT&T have requested in Chicago are indicated below.
This allocation provides both AT&T and Verizon with 400MHz for wideband 5G. For AT&T, this is likely the spectrum they will utilize for the Chicago market launch announced for later this year. Verizon likely launched their 5G UWB network using the 28GHz L1 and L2 spectrum seen below, so this 37GHz allotment is likely for network testing.
We have highlighted the effect of the temporary licenses in the Chicago (PEA003). We noted that AT&T has also requested STA licenses in Raleigh (PEA045), Oklahoma City (PEA039), Charlotte (PEA043) and Philadelphia (PEA006). Verizon requested STA licenses in New York (PEA001), Cleveland (PEA014), Cincinnati (PEA025), and Tallahassee (PEA072)
39GHz - Auction 103 Reconfiguration Analysis - Number Blocks March 26, 2019 22:30
On March 21st, the FCC released a Notice of Procedures describing how existing 39GHz spectrum ownership below will be remapped to the new 39GHz configuration. We thought it would be beneficial to see how the FCC arrived at their results.
The procedures the FCC announced will provide a route for the existing 39GHz owners to essentially trade-in their spectrum for vouchers that can be used in Auction 103. The FCC published a summary of the aggregated holdings data for each of the 39GHz licensees so we decided to use the data from our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to show the underlying calculations.
We are able to use the data from our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to determine the aggregate MHz-POPs value for PEA003 (Chicago). To find the aggregate MHz-POPs we must first find the MHz-POPs contribution for each of AT&T's licenses (call signs) in the Chicago market. Below are each of the county MHz-POPs components for each call sign. We have indicated whether the license covers the entire county or whether it is a partial license in the Full/Partial County column. The county MHz-POPs component is found by multiplying the bandwidth for each call sign by the county population. The total aggregate MHz-POPs is the sum of the county MHz-POPs for all of AT&T's licenses. Using this process, we have found AT&T's aggregate MHz-POPs to by 2,817,188,800 compared to the FCC's results of 2,815,434,000.
|Market||CallSign||Channel Block||Full/Partial County||State||County||Bandwidth||County Population||MHz-POPs|
The Market MHz-POPs value is found by multiplying the new 39GHz channel size (100MHz) by the total population of the Chicago PEA.
|Market||Bandwidth||PEA Population||Market MHz-POPs|
The next calculation provides the number of blocks that AT&T is authorized to receive in the 39GHz auction by relinquishing their current licenses. Our analysis indicates that AT&T will start with slightly more than 3 - 100MHz channel blocks in Chicago before the auction starts.
|Market||Aggregate MHz-POPs||Market MHz-POPs||Channel Blocks|
T-Mobile's 28GHz Plan and a little on Verizon's March 6, 2019 08:16
Several articles have come out since Mobile World Congress (MWC) where T-Mobile has discussed their 5G millimeter wave plans. Below is a map that shows the amount 28GHz (L1 channel) currently controlled by T-Mobile. This is one of the two 28GHz channels licensed for mobile use. County-level spectrum depth outputs for this map were taken from our Company Analysis Module which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
It is important to note that the L1 maximum channel size is 425MHz and wherever T-Mobile owns 28GHz spectrum, the remainder of the L1 and L2 channels are owned by Verizon. The only exception to this is Ohio, where the spectrum not controlled by T-Mobile is leased to First Communications.
Another way to look at T-Mobile's 28GHz deployment plan is comparing their available spectrum depth in each of the Top 10 Cellular Market Areas (CMA). This is seen below from our CMA Market Analysis module, which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
The New York CMA provides an interesting example where T-Mobile's spectrum ownership in the most populated New York counties has significantly decreased the available channel size for Verizon. This data is taken from our Spectrum Grid module, which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
As you can see above, T-Mobile's spectrum ownership in the Bronx, King, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester counties sits in the middle of the 425MHz channel reducing Verizon's maximum channel size to 260MHz.
An Evaluation of AT&T Millimeter Wave Markets March 5, 2019 12:00
This morning, Light Reading published an article on AT&T and Verizon's 5G mmWave deployments. In the article AT&T's SVP of wireless technology, Igal Elbaz, indicated that AT&T is initially deploying 100 MHz channels from their 39 GHz spectrum. I decided to look at their initial deployment markets to see how this was accomplished. One of the challenges that AT&T faces, is the fact that the 39 GHz band is in a bit of transition. It currently consists of 14 (50 MHz each) paired channels, but after the 37 and 39 GHz auctions, it will be reconfigured into 14 TDD channels (100 MHz each). For AT&T to be able to launch a 100 MHz channel in the 39 GHz band, they would need to control 3 contiguous channels so they can create a guard band on each side of their commercial channel. This is necessary because they are operating a Timing Division Duplex (TDD) channel likely in the 39 GHz downlink band. TDD means that the channel transmits and receives in the same band or channel. Without the guard bands AT&T 5G channel would be subject to interference especially when the channel is receiving data from mobiles.
So now let's take a look at AT&T's spectrum ownership using Allnet Insights' Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (Spectrum Grid).
In Louisville, AT&T controls 4 contiguous channels in the downlink band (5-B, 6-B, 7-B, and 8-B) They can use 6-B and 7-B for their 5G channel and 5-B and 8-B for the guard bands. In the article Igal indicated that AT&T would expand to 4 - 100 MHz channels in the future. That will not be during 2019 and likely not during the first half of 2020.
In Louisville, AT&T already controls the necessary 400 MHz of spectrum but AT&T will need to wait until the 37 and 39 GHz auction are complete to "repack" their 39 GHz spectrum into the new band plan below along with the auction winners to get their remaining spectrum "deployable".
Oklahoma City, OK:
In Oklahoma City AT&T only controls 3 contiguous channels (8-B, 9-B, and 10-B). I would expect that AT&T has centered its 5G channel on channel 9-B and it using 25 MHz of 8-B and 25 MHz of 10-B for guard bands.
The final market we will look at is Dallas. It is apparent that AT&T lacks the required 3 contiguous channels necessary for a 100 MHz 5G channel in this market. As you can see, the FCC controls the 13-B and 14-B channels adjacent to AT&T's 12-B and 13-B channels. I believe that AT&T has likely requested Special Temporary Authority (STA) from the FCC to use these channels until they are auctioned.
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