Telus Expands Band 66 Capacity in Canada August 13, 2019 14:47
Last month, Telus applied and was approved to lease part of the AWS-4 spectrum band in Canada from Terrestar. Terrestar owns both parts (uplink and downlink) of the AWS-4 band for all of Canada. In Canada, the AWS-4 band is still configured for duplex (FDD) operation where in the US, Dish received approval to operate all of the spectrum for downlink.
Telus will be leasing the spectrum in the most urban areas of Canada, not including Toronto with typically 20MHz spectrum leases. Telus is leasing this spectrum over a population of 13 million, roughly 38% of Canada's population. Below are geographic maps indicating each of the areas where Telus will be leasing spectrum. In Canada spectrum leases are called subordinations of licenses. We will discuss why this spectrum is important to Telus below with outputs from our Canadian Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
From the Spectrum Grid below, Telus is acquiring the downlink AWS-4 spectrum which lies within Band 66 which is now widely deployed in the US for both the AWS-1 and AWS-3 bands. This will provide immediate service improvements once the network is constructed because handsets have been supporting Band 66 for several years. The remaining part of the AWS-4 spectrum (for uplink), would fall into Band 23, which has little to no handset support.
We can see a second reason for acquiring this spectrum by looking at the Company Analysis module, detailing Telus's spectrum holdings in each of these Tier 4 service areas.
In many of these Tier 4 service areas (similar to US counties), Telus has limited or no BRS (2.5GHz) spectrum. The BRS spectrum they do control in these markets is paired (FDD) Band 7 rather than the TDD Band 41 that Sprint controls in the US. Overall, this spectrum acquisition provides Telus with an immediate capacity improvement since they can expand their Band 66 downlink capacity by 10 or 20MHz.
2.5 GHz Auction - Great for Rural Markets, Limited for Urban August 1, 2019 17:48
In July, the FCC released their report and order for their plans to auction the white space 2.5 GHz spectrum. Using our Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool we have created a couple of images to illustrated the auction of the spectrum in a rural county and the auction of spectrum in a urban county.
Our rural example focuses on Wayne County, Iowa. Wayne County has a population of nearly 6,500.
In the image above, we indicate the primary spectrum ownership for each channel in Wayne, IA. Sprint is the spectrum owner for all of the BRS (Broadband Radio Service) channels and the FCC is the spectrum owner for all of the EBS (Educational Broadcast Service) channels. We have highlighted in the Bandwidth row, the different channels the FCC has defined for auction. The red highlights are for the 49.5MHz channel, the green highlights indicate the channels included in the 50.5MHz channel and the blue highlights indicate the channels included in 17.5MHz channel. The 17.5MHz channel consists of 3 x 5.5MHz contiguous channels and 3 x 0.33MHz guard band channels.
In the area below each channel we indicate in green, the available population that can be licensed for each channel as a percentage. Clearly, purchasing any of the 3 channels (49.5, 50.5, 17.5) at auction would provide a carrier with the ability to service 100% of the population with each of the component 2.5GHz channels.
Our urban example focuses on McHenry County, IL. McHenry County has a population of nearly 310,000. McHenry County is one of the 6 counties that constitute the Chicago CMA Market.
In the urban example, the carrier that purchases the red (49.5MHz) channel would be able build a network reaching 20% of the population with the A1, A2, and A3 channels (16.5MHz), they would be able to reach 80% of the population with the B1, B2, B3, and C3 channels, and they can reach the entire population with the C1 and C2 channels. The auction winning carrier will have to coordinate their operations for all but the C1 and C2 channels around the geographic license areas that Sprint already controls.
5G New Radio (NR) Band Analysis July 23, 2019 15:48
In July we expanded the analysis capabilities of our Mobile Carrier and Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tools to include 5G New Radio(NR) Band Analysis for each of the 3GPP supported bandwidths in each US NR band class.
First, in the Mobile Carrier Tool, we are supporting both the uplink and downlink NR bands separately for bands that provide Frequency Division (FDD) operation. This analysis module outputs the largest channel size (for both uplink and downlink) that a carrier could deploy in their 5G/LTE uplink carrier aggregation scheme or their downlink carrier aggregation scheme. Below in the downlink analysis for AT&T you can see the maximum channel sizes for n12 band spectrum (700MHz A/B/C) versus their n29 band spectrum (700MHz D/E),which is downlink only, and their n14 band spectrum (FirstNet); for each county in the New York Cellular Market Area (CMA).
Similarly, the uplink analysis indicates the maximum uplink channel size for all of the uplink spectrum.
The n41 band spectrum that Sprint's controls (2.5GHz) is seen in the Time Division Duplex(TDD) section. The analysis tool determines the largest contiguous channel that Sprint can deploy with their leases/owned spectrum including the mid-band segment guard bands. From the results below, Sprint can configure 80MHz 5G/LTE channels in two New York counties and they can configure a 60MHz channel in one additional New York county. The remaining counties are limited to carrier aggregation of 20MHz channels.
In the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, all of the spectrum is configured to Time Division Duplex(TDD) operation. Below, you can see the different bandwidths that T-Mobile can deploy using their 24GHz or 28GHz spectrum in the New York counties. Each of the 3GPP standardized bandwidths of 400, 200, 100, and 50MHz are detailed for each spectrum band.
Millimeter Wave Auction Results and Charts June 3, 2019 21:20
Today, the FCC released results for Auction 101 (28 GHz) and Auction 102 (24 GHz). These results are now posted in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. The Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool provides 19 analysis modules to analyze each carrier's ownership in each of the millimeter wave bands. These modules include a spectrum ownership grid (below), seven different spectrum depth analysis modules, a MHz-POPs analysis module, and 3 licensed POPs analysis modules.
To summarize some of the auction results, we updated pie charts that were originally published in partnership with Fierce Wireless. These charts represent each carrier's MHz-POPs in terms of the country total.
AT&T's Low Band 5G | 700MHz or Cellular May 9, 2019 22:35
Late last year, AT&T began to discuss refarming their low-band spectrum for 5G, but they didn't indicate which of their low band spectrum blocks would be used. With some spectrum acquisitions that have been filed over the last 6 months, I believe their plans are becoming more clear. The 3 blocks of low band spectrum that AT&T controls are 700MHz (A,B, and C channels), 700MHz (FirstNet), and the Cellular (A & B channels). I am going to assume that the FirstNet spectrum is not being considered since it must support public safety networks, leaving the 700MHz and Cellular bands for refarming. The first indicator, was AT&T's acquisition of FBS 700's spectrum in South Dakota and their acquisition of part of C Spire's 700MHz spectrum in the southeast.
To see AT&T's total 700MHz spectrum, we used Allnet Insights' Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to total AT&T's ownership of the 700MHz A, B, and C channels in each US county. In the counties where they own all three channels, they could deploy a 15MHz 5G channel. From the map below, it appears that AT&T would cover most of the US with a 10MHz 5G channel.
The next map highlights the counties where AT&T controls both cellular channels (A & B). In the limited markets where they control both channels (Texas and Florida), they could have a 5G channel size of 20MHz, but for most of the country that would be limited to a 10MHz 5G channel size. It is important to remember that the areas where AT&T doesn't control any cellular spectrum the bands are controlled by USCellular and/or Verizon, making cellular spectrum acquisitions unlikely.
Another important way to evaluate the usefulness of each band is to measure the amount of population that can be reach with the licenses in each band. To evaluate this we used the Licensed POPs Analysis Module from the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. Since AT&T's 700MHz spectrum covers 44 million addition people compared to AT&T's Cellular spectrum, I believe that AT&T is planning to utilize their 700MHz spectrum for their upcoming Low Band 5G deployments. This appears to be confirmed by AT&T's recent acquisitions.
Where are AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, and Sprint adding or losing spectrum? April 30, 2019 10:53
One of the unique features of Allnet Insight's spectrum database and tools is the ability to evaluate the effect of pending applications on each carriers spectrum holdings. We have typically displayed the changes in spectrum depth in a tabular format in our National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Reports. The map below illustrates the increase or decrease in held spectrum for each of the national carriers based on the FCC transactions that are pending in April 2019 report. These changes are aggregated to the affected CMA Markets with green ranges indicating increases in held spectrum and red ranges indicating decreases in held spectrum.
With this view you can broadly see Verizon's pending acquisition of Cable & Cellular Communications' spectrum in Montana, along with AT&T's acquisition of FBS 700 LLC's spectrum in South Dakota, and AT&T's acquisition of part of C Spire's spectrum in the southeast. These maps only show the net effect on each carrier's total spectrum but the National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Report reveals not only the changes in total spectrum depth, but also the changes in spectrum depth for each band category and each frequency band.
Verizon's Pending Transaction Detail:
The last five rows represent the CMA markets in Montana affected by the Cable & Cellular Communications transaction. The first column represents the total positive or negative spectrum contribution. The light blue columns highlight the effect to low band, mid band, or high band spectrum and the grey columns reflect individual frequency band components. Looking at these columns it is easy to see that Verizon is predominantly gaining mid band spectrum, including AWS-1, AWS-3, and PCS.
Monthly National Carriers Spectrum Holdings Reports are available going back to December 2013.
Canadian 600MHz Spectrum Auction Results and Analysis April 22, 2019 13:44
The map below shows the amount of 600MHz spectrum that Rogers added as a result of the auction which closed on 4/4. Twelve companies competed in the auction which ran from March 12, 2019 to April 4, 2019. The auction raised $3.47 billion. We have reflected the results from this auction in our May 2019 - Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (CAN).
The Low Band Population Weighted Average spectrum depth chart below illustrates the average amount of 600MHz, 700MHz, and Cellular spectrum controlled by the major Canadian carriers. Rogers is clearly outpacing the other carriers in low band spectrum, providing them a path to 5G similar to T-Mobile's US strategy; broad coverage and better capacity than LTE.
The licensed POPs chart illustrates how much of the Canadian population, Roger's can reach with each of their available low band frequencies. They have near nationwide (35M POPs) reach with both 600MHz and Cellular frequencies, but they can only reach about 22M POPs with their 700MHz spectrum. Roger's can use the 700MHz A and B channels to potentially reach 62% of the Canadian Population and they can use the 700MHz C channel to reach an additional 9% of the Canadian population. In the US, 700MHz A is predominantly used by T-Mobile reaching up to 85% of the US population, while AT&T primarily uses the 700MHz B and C channels reaching up to 90% and 95% of the US population respectively.
Spectrum Analysis Tools - NR Band Enhancements (Input Requested) April 15, 2019 08:00
We recent made a couple of updates to our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to highlight NR Band configurations. First, we added a Spectrum Depth by NR Band which shows a carrier's spectrum depth for each county along with their max spectrum depth and a population weighted average. The next image below is where we would like to have your input. Several of our customer have requested the ability to see the different channels sizes that a carrier can form in each NR Band.
We have done this before for the Mobile Carrier bands (600-4.2GHz) in our LTE Channel Analysis Module. In our Mobile Carrier Tool we utilize 5MHz, 10MHz, 15Mhz, and 20 MHz as the standard channel sizes for LTE and we display them in the layout below. What are the channel sizes that we should include for the NR bands in the Millimeter Wave frequencies? The initial input we received included (400MHz, 300MHz, 200MHz, 100MHz, and 50MHz) channels.
Which format would be the most useful? The above image groups the frequency band within each channel size, while the image below has channel sizes grouped by NR band.
The previous formats indicate the configurations that a carrier can achieve at a county-level. To generalize a carrier's available channel size, I developed a histogram which indicates the number of occurrences for each channel size within a NR band. The chart indicates that the dominant channel configuration for T-Mobile's 600MHz spectrum is 15MHz. The image below only includes the counties associated with the Top 100 CMA markets which provide a more capacity/traffic related view. Please provide input if you feel the histogram would be useful along with any other feedback.
Background on Unavailable Spectrum - 24GHz (Auction 102) April 9, 2019 22:06
As Auction 102 completes its 64th round today, I thought it would be a good time to share a map indicating the markets (PEA) where existing licensees already control spectrum prior to the start of the Auction 102. As you can see below, the FCC doesn't control 100MHz of the 24GHz spectrum in Reno (PEA076), Las Vegas (PEA026), and Phoenix (PEA015). The FCC also doesn't control 25MHz of spectrum in Albuquerque (PEA075). All of these licenses originally were controlled by M&M Brothers LLC and they track back to the original 40x40MHz channelization of the 24GHz band. M&M Brothers agreed to trade in their Casa Grande (PEA126), Saint George (PEA229), Gallup (PEA285), Socorro (PEA323), and Deming (PEA375) licenses for 100MHz licenses in the 3 yellow PEAs and a 25MHz license in the blue. Skyriver Spectrum & Technology now controls M&M Brothers licenses.
While the national map indicates the available spectrum depth on a PEA basis, our Spectrum Grid Analysis Module details the specific channels and counties that make up each of the PEA license assignments. In the Spectrum Grid, you can see complete ownership of channel 7 for all of the counties in PEA 15, 26, and 76; with on 25MHz in the two New Mexico counties.
Are AT&T and Verizon Leveraging Temporary Licenses for Millimeter 5G? April 2, 2019 17:44
Recently in our spectrum transaction tracking we discovered some Millimeter Wave Special Temporary Authority (STA) licenses that AT&T and Verizon have filed in the 39GHz band to conduct wideband testing and for AT&T it appears the spectrum will be used for a market launch later this year.
To see what is going on, let's look at Verizon and AT&T's ownership of the 39GHz band in the Chicago PEA market (PEA003) with our Spectrum Grid module. The Spectrum Grid modules is one of nineteen analysis modules in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. Below you can see the specific channels that AT&T and Verizon control. This spectrum is still paired, meaning the lower channels are for uplink and the upper channels are for downlink. It is apparent that Verizon and AT&T's channels are commingled and that neither carrier can utilize a channel larger than 150MHz (AT&T is limited to 50MHz). You can see 4 channels that the FCC does control in the lower band, but these are not the channels that AT&T or Verizon requested in their STA.
They each requested channels in the new 37GHz band which will be auctioned later this year. This spectrum is adjacent to the existing 39GHz licensed bands
The spectrum allocations that Verizon and AT&T have requested in Chicago are indicated below.
This allocation provides both AT&T and Verizon with 400MHz for wideband 5G. For AT&T, this is likely the spectrum they will utilize for the Chicago market launch announced for later this year. Verizon likely launched their 5G UWB network using the 28GHz L1 and L2 spectrum seen below, so this 37GHz allotment is likely for network testing.
We have highlighted the effect of the temporary licenses in the Chicago (PEA003). We noted that AT&T has also requested STA licenses in Raleigh (PEA045), Oklahoma City (PEA039), Charlotte (PEA043) and Philadelphia (PEA006). Verizon requested STA licenses in New York (PEA001), Cleveland (PEA014), Cincinnati (PEA025), and Tallahassee (PEA072)
39GHz - Auction 103 Reconfiguration Analysis - Number Blocks March 26, 2019 22:30
On March 21st, the FCC released a Notice of Procedures describing how existing 39GHz spectrum ownership below will be remapped to the new 39GHz configuration. We thought it would be beneficial to see how the FCC arrived at their results.
The procedures the FCC announced will provide a route for the existing 39GHz owners to essentially trade-in their spectrum for vouchers that can be used in Auction 103. The FCC published a summary of the aggregated holdings data for each of the 39GHz licensees so we decided to use the data from our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to show the underlying calculations.
We are able to use the data from our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool to determine the aggregate MHz-POPs value for PEA003 (Chicago). To find the aggregate MHz-POPs we must first find the MHz-POPs contribution for each of AT&T's licenses (call signs) in the Chicago market. Below are each of the county MHz-POPs components for each call sign. We have indicated whether the license covers the entire county or whether it is a partial license in the Full/Partial County column. The county MHz-POPs component is found by multiplying the bandwidth for each call sign by the county population. The total aggregate MHz-POPs is the sum of the county MHz-POPs for all of AT&T's licenses. Using this process, we have found AT&T's aggregate MHz-POPs to by 2,817,188,800 compared to the FCC's results of 2,815,434,000.
|Market||CallSign||Channel Block||Full/Partial County||State||County||Bandwidth||County Population||MHz-POPs|
The Market MHz-POPs value is found by multiplying the new 39GHz channel size (100MHz) by the total population of the Chicago PEA.
|Market||Bandwidth||PEA Population||Market MHz-POPs|
The next calculation provides the number of blocks that AT&T is authorized to receive in the 39GHz auction by relinquishing their current licenses. Our analysis indicates that AT&T will start with slightly more than 3 - 100MHz channel blocks in Chicago before the auction starts.
|Market||Aggregate MHz-POPs||Market MHz-POPs||Channel Blocks|
T-Mobile's 28GHz Plan and a little on Verizon's March 6, 2019 08:16
Several articles have come out since Mobile World Congress (MWC) where T-Mobile has discussed their 5G millimeter wave plans. Below is a map that shows the amount 28GHz (L1 channel) currently controlled by T-Mobile. This is one of the two 28GHz channels licensed for mobile use. County-level spectrum depth outputs for this map were taken from our Company Analysis Module which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
It is important to note that the L1 maximum channel size is 425MHz and wherever T-Mobile owns 28GHz spectrum, the remainder of the L1 and L2 channels are owned by Verizon. The only exception to this is Ohio, where the spectrum not controlled by T-Mobile is leased to First Communications.
Another way to look at T-Mobile's 28GHz deployment plan is comparing their available spectrum depth in each of the Top 10 Cellular Market Areas (CMA). This is seen below from our CMA Market Analysis module, which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
The New York CMA provides an interesting example where T-Mobile's spectrum ownership in the most populated New York counties has significantly decreased the available channel size for Verizon. This data is taken from our Spectrum Grid module, which is part of the Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
As you can see above, T-Mobile's spectrum ownership in the Bronx, King, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester counties sits in the middle of the 425MHz channel reducing Verizon's maximum channel size to 260MHz.
An Evaluation of AT&T Millimeter Wave Markets March 5, 2019 12:00
This morning, Light Reading published an article on AT&T and Verizon's 5G mmWave deployments. In the article AT&T's SVP of wireless technology, Igal Elbaz, indicated that AT&T is initially deploying 100 MHz channels from their 39 GHz spectrum. I decided to look at their initial deployment markets to see how this was accomplished. One of the challenges that AT&T faces, is the fact that the 39 GHz band is in a bit of transition. It currently consists of 14 (50 MHz each) paired channels, but after the 37 and 39 GHz auctions, it will be reconfigured into 14 TDD channels (100 MHz each). For AT&T to be able to launch a 100 MHz channel in the 39 GHz band, they would need to control 3 contiguous channels so they can create a guard band on each side of their commercial channel. This is necessary because they are operating a Timing Division Duplex (TDD) channel likely in the 39 GHz downlink band. TDD means that the channel transmits and receives in the same band or channel. Without the guard bands AT&T 5G channel would be subject to interference especially when the channel is receiving data from mobiles.
So now let's take a look at AT&T's spectrum ownership using Allnet Insights' Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (Spectrum Grid).
In Louisville, AT&T controls 4 contiguous channels in the downlink band (5-B, 6-B, 7-B, and 8-B) They can use 6-B and 7-B for their 5G channel and 5-B and 8-B for the guard bands. In the article Igal indicated that AT&T would expand to 4 - 100 MHz channels in the future. That will not be during 2019 and likely not during the first half of 2020.
In Louisville, AT&T already controls the necessary 400 MHz of spectrum but AT&T will need to wait until the 37 and 39 GHz auction are complete to "repack" their 39 GHz spectrum into the new band plan below along with the auction winners to get their remaining spectrum "deployable".
Oklahoma City, OK:
In Oklahoma City AT&T only controls 3 contiguous channels (8-B, 9-B, and 10-B). I would expect that AT&T has centered its 5G channel on channel 9-B and it using 25 MHz of 8-B and 25 MHz of 10-B for guard bands.
The final market we will look at is Dallas. It is apparent that AT&T lacks the required 3 contiguous channels necessary for a 100 MHz 5G channel in this market. As you can see, the FCC controls the 13-B and 14-B channels adjacent to AT&T's 12-B and 13-B channels. I believe that AT&T has likely requested Special Temporary Authority (STA) from the FCC to use these channels until they are auctioned.
Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool Release for CANADA March 4, 2019 06:30
Allnet Insights & Analytics is excited to announce an expansion of our industry leading spectrum ownership analysis products to cover the Mobile Carrier (600MHz to 3.7GHz) frequency bands for Canada. We are releasing not only a March 2019 new release, but historical monthly releases going back to December 2017. The Mobile Carrier Tool not only provides the spectrum allocation details for all of the Canadian Mobile Carrier spectrum but it provides 21 different analysis modules and charts to analyze and compare each wireless carrier's spectrum assets by channel, market, frequency band, band classification, and LTE band class.
The Canadian Spectrum Grid details the spectrum ownership and subordinate licensing (leases) for each service area (Tier 4). The service areas can be seen on the example map below which indicates the spectrum owners for the Broadband Radio Service (BRS) A1 channel.
Below is the Canadian Spectrum Grid for the Mobile Carrier low band spectrum. All of the 600MHz spectrum is currently controlled by ISED Canada (ISD) leading up to the March 12, 2019 auction start. Purchases of the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (CAN) during March 2019 will receive a complementary release after ISED Canada announces the auction results.
For more information on the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool (CAN) please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
CBRS and C-band Spectrum Tracking February 11, 2019 16:40
In the February 2019 release of our Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, we have added the framework to visualize and analyze the Citizen's Band Radio Service (CBRS) and the C-Band satellite spectrum.
The CBRS spectrum is broken into 10 - 10 MHz channels which will have 7 channels available for Priority Access Licenses (PAL) licenses and 3 licenses that are reserved for General Authorized Access (GAA). When this spectrum is auctioned, licensees will not get specific channels but they will be allocated 10 MHz for each PAL license through the Spectrum Access System (SAS). Our spectrum depth tools will summarize the available spectrum capacity that a carrier controls in the CBRS band similar to their AWS1 or PCS capacity that we currently track.
We have initially configured the C-Band spectrum in 20 MHz channels for a total allocation of 180 MHz. Like the CBRS spectrum we have assigned the initial ownership of the licenseable block to the FCC so users can see the total allocation in our spectrum depth summary tables.
Our spectrum depth tables provide users with frequency band breakdowns along with low band, mid band, and high band summaries. We include the CBRS and C-band spectrum in our High band category because the coverage performance for those bands is not equivalent to the other mid-band spectrum frequencies. High band spectrum also includes the WCS (2.3 GHz) and EBS/BRS (2.5 GHz). We continue to denote spectrum above 6 GHz as Millimeter Wave spectrum in our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool.
Sprint's Use of the 2.5GHz Guard Bands for TDD-LTE February 11, 2019 07:30
Late last year Sprint, filed some renewal applications that provided some insights into how they are configuring their 2.5 GHz spectrum assets for 20 MHz TDD-LTE channels. As a reminder, the US 2.5 GHz band is configured into an Lower Band Segment (LBS), Mid Band Segment (MBS), and Upper Band Segment (UBS). In the graphic below each of the segments are delineated by the J guard band and the K guard band.
The LBS is to the left of the J channel, the MBS is between the J and K channels, and the UBS is to the right of the K channel. The purpose of these guard bands was to provide protection to the data services originally offered in the LBS and UBS from the continuing video operations in the MBS.
It is a lesser known fact, that the all of the LBS spectrum owners collectively own the 4 MHz J channel and the UBS spectrum owners collectively own the 4 MHz K channel. The J and K channels are licensed as secondary use, meaning they can be used accepting any interference from remaining video systems (primary use) operating in the MBS.
In our February 2019 release of the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, we have have expanded the detail in our Spectrum Grid for these guard band channels along with the proper licensing database records.
As you can see in the above image, the J channel breaks down into 12 sub-blocks of 0.3 MHz each. The first sub-block (JA1) is controlled by the owner of the A1 channel. The second sub-block is controlled by the A2 channel owner. So this update provides a clear view of whether Sprint controls the sub-blocks that would allow them to operate a 20 MHz channel across either guard band. Because the use of these spectrum is secondary, we don't include these spectrum blocks in EBS/BRS spectrum totals, and MHz-POPs totals in our tools.
Now onto Sprint's recent renewal application. Sprint's original application requested Special Temporary Authority (STA) to allow Sprint to use the KG1, KG2, and KG3 channels in 15 BTA markets where the G123 channels are still held by the FCC as unlicensed white space.
In the image above, you can see that in the counties surrounding Atlanta, the FCC controls the G123 channels. This limits Sprint's TDD-LTE deployment to 2-20 MHz channels, indicated by the black boxes.
With the STA, Sprint can utilize the KG1, KG2, and KG3 channels allowing them to form an additional 20 MHz LTE channel by combining the F4, E4, K, and BRS2 channels.
The image below is from Sprint's original filing. It illustrates the geographic area of the Atlanta BTA and an indication where the G1 channel is licensed, where it is leased to Sprint, and where it is FCC white space. The areas in gray that do not intersect the red or yellow areas are the FCC white spaces where Sprint has requested access to the KG1, KG2, and KG3 channels. Sprint did not request access to the primary G1, G2,or G3 whitespace licenses (16.5MHz total).
Licensed Spectrum Survey for DAS and Small Cell Implementation November 5, 2018 07:00
Two questions for all of the wireless network installers and drive testers:
1) Where can you get the spectrum assignments for all of the mobile carrier bands with in a county?
2) How can you determine if the licensed spectrum assignment will change in the near future?
Allnet Insights' Web Spectrum Viewer now includes a Wireless Survey which details the wireless carrier that currently controls each block of Mobile Carrier spectrum (600MHz-2.5GHz) for a selected US county. In addition, the Wireless Survey indicates whether there are any filed transaction that will move that spectrum to another wireless carrier, as indicated in the Future column.
The output table details the spectrum assignments,licensees, and bandwidth for each block and is sorted from lowest frequency to highest frequency. This output table can be exported as a .csv file.
Weekly FCC Spectrum Transactions October 22, 2018 06:30
|New Lease||Cimaron Telephone||Cross Telephone Company||WRBQ838||AWS3||CMA598 - Oklahoma 3 - Grant||G|
|New Lease||GE MDS LLC||Access 700||WPRR314||700MHz GB||MEA025 - Nashville||A|
|New Lease||GE MDS LLC||Access 700||WPRV427||700MHz GB||MEA008 - Atlanta||A|
|New Lease||GE MDS LLC||Access 700||WPRV430||700MHz GB||MEA024 - Birmingham||A|
|New Lease||GE MDS LLC||Access 700||WPRV439||700MHz GB||MEA038 - San Antonio||A|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||F1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||F2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||F3|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||H1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||H2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B064||Map||BRS||BTA064 - Butte, MT||H3|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B144||Map||BRS||BTA144 - Flagstaff, AZ||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B144||Map||BRS||BTA144 - Flagstaff, AZ||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B144||Map||BRS||BTA144 - Flagstaff, AZ||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B167||Map||BRS||BTA167 - Grand Island-Kearney, NE||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||E1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||E2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||E3|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||F1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B171||Map||BRS||BTA171 - Great Falls, MT||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B202||Map||BRS||BTA202 - Idaho Falls, ID||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B202||Map||BRS||BTA202 - Idaho Falls, ID||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B202||Map||BRS||BTA202 - Idaho Falls, ID||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B202||Map||BRS||BTA202 - Idaho Falls, ID||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B205||Map||BRS||BTA205 - Iowa City, IA||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B205||Map||BRS||BTA205 - Iowa City, IA||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B205||Map||BRS||BTA205 - Iowa City, IA||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B205||Map||BRS||BTA205 - Iowa City, IA||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B300||Map||BRS||BTA300 - Missoula, MT||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B353||Map||BRS||BTA353 - Pocatello, ID||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B353||Map||BRS||BTA353 - Pocatello, ID||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B353||Map||BRS||BTA353 - Pocatello, ID||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B353||Map||BRS||BTA353 - Pocatello, ID||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B422||Map||BRS||BTA422 - Sioux Falls, SD||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B422||Map||BRS||BTA422 - Sioux Falls, SD||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B422||Map||BRS||BTA422 - Sioux Falls, SD||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B422||Map||BRS||BTA422 - Sioux Falls, SD||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B451||Map||BRS||BTA451 - Twin Falls, ID||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B451||Map||BRS||BTA451 - Twin Falls, ID||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B451||Map||BRS||BTA451 - Twin Falls, ID||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WFY431||Map||BRS||P00089 - P35 GSA,40-43-38 N,99-7-41.3 W||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WFY595||Map||BRS||P03002 - P35 GSA,41-32-48.1 N,90-27-56.5 W||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WGW275||Map||BRS||P03471 - P35 GSA,43-28-24.1 N,83-50-39.9 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WHI959||Map||BRS||P00168 - P35 GSA,43-59-30.9 N,96-46-11.2 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WHT588||Map||BRS||P03685 - P35 GSA,41-31-58.1 N,90-34-40.5 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WLK328||Map||BRS||P01359 - P35 GSA,43-14-38 N,97-22-39.2 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WLK384||Map||BRS||P01362 - P35 GSA,43-14-38 N,97-22-39.2 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WLW827||Map||BRS||P01384 - P35 GSA,31-25-16.6 N,100-32-37.3 W||F1234|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WLW894||Map||BRS||P01898 - P35 GSA,41-31-58.1 N,90-34-40.5 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMH800||Map||BRS||P02690 - P35 GSA,34-13-58.1 N,112-22-15.6 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMI345||Map||BRS||P01925 - P35 GSA,41-54-33 N,91-39-17.6 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMI827||Map||BRS||P02939 - P35 GSA,34-42-17.1 N,112-6-57.6 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMI864||Map||BRS||P02941 - P35 GSA,34-42-17.1 N,112-6-57.6 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WML478||Map||BRS||P03544 - P35 GSA,31-25-16.6 N,100-32-37.3 W||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMX344||Map||BRS||P03719 - P35 GSA,43-30-10.9 N,96-34-39.2 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMX358||Map||BRS||P01947 - P35 GSA,43-30-10.9 N,96-34-39.2 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMX656||Map||EBS||P00155 - P35 GSA,42-43-54 N,114-25-7 W||D1234|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMX678||Map||EBS||P00017 - P35 GSA,42-43-54 N,114-25-7 W||C1234|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMX908||Map||BRS||P03551 - P35 GSA,31-25-16.6 N,100-32-37.3 W||E1234|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WNTC543||Map||BRS||P01566 - P35 GSA,31-25-16.6 N,100-32-37.3 W||H1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WNTC543||Map||BRS||P01566 - P35 GSA,31-25-16.6 N,100-32-37.3 W||H2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WQLW472||Map||BRS||BTA070 - Cedar Rapids, IA||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WQLW472||Map||BRS||BTA070 - Cedar Rapids, IA||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WQLW472||Map||BRS||BTA070 - Cedar Rapids, IA||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WQLW474||Map||BRS||BTA105 - Davenport, IA-Moline, IL||BRS2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WLW970||Map||BRS||P02673 - P35 GSA,35-14-2 N,111-36-27.6 W||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||WMI320||Map||BRS||P02694 - P35 GSA,35-14-29 N,111-36-37.6 W||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||BRS1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||F1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||F2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||F3|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||H1|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||H2|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B011||Map||BRS||BTA011 - Alpena, MI||H3|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B307||Map||BRS||BTA307 - Mt. Pleasant, MI||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B307||Map||BRS||BTA307 - Mt. Pleasant, MI||F4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B390||Map||BRS||BTA390 - Saginaw-Bay City, MI||E4|
|New Lease||SpeedConnect||Sprint||B390||Map||BRS||BTA390 - Saginaw-Bay City, MI||F4|
|New Lease||T-Mobile||RigNet||WPWV330||700MHz||CMA306 - Gulf of Mexico||C|
Upper Microwave - New Channels and New Call Signs (39GHz) September 4, 2018 00:00
In our September 2018 Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, we have incorporated the FCC's re-licensing of the 39GHz into the new Upper Microwave Flexible Use Service. In making this change the FCC issued new call signs and leases for all of the 50 x 50 MHz channels. The call signs have been reissued on a Partial Economic Area (PEA) market frame work. Previously these licenses were issued on a Economic Area (EA) basis. The original channels were lettered A through N. Now they are numbered 1-14 with the A designation for the uplink channel and the B designation for the downlink channel.
The FCC reissued this spectrum with a different call sign and channel number for each of the original channel blocks. Issuing a separate call signs will make it easier to combine the 2-50MHz blocks into 1 -100MHz block as indicated in the Fourth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking below.
For example from the chart below, the 1-A and 1-B channel for Butts County, GA.
Market: BEA040 - Atlanta, GA-AL-NC
Call Sign: WPQV559
Market: PEA011 - Atlanta, GA
Call Sign: WRBI208
Call Sign: WRBI209
The mapping of original call sign / channel to the new call sign / channel is available in our Web Spectrum Viewer, Transactions Menu.
Millimeter Wave - Upper Microwave Flexible Use (Auction Channels) August 30, 2018 13:31
Mobile Carrier Spectrum Screen - T-Mobile and Sprint August 28, 2018 13:20
With our September 2018 release of the Mobile Carrier - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool, we have added a FCC Spectrum Screen analysis to the County Analysis Module and the CMA Market Analysis Module. With respect to the T-Mobile and Sprint merger announcement, the Spectrum Screen analysis will provide you with a composite look at the T-Mobile/Sprint spectrum assets across the Mobile Carrier frequency bands (600MHz-2.5GHz).
Following the FCC Spectrum Screen Definitions our Spectrum Screen analysis does not include the WCS guard band or the BRS1 channel which are included in our 'normal' spectrum depth totals. In addition, the Spectrum Screen only includes 70% of the EBS spectrum holdings.
Millimeter Wave spectrum under FCC control, by band? May 8, 2018 16:38
To determine how much Millimeter Wave spectrum is controlled by the FCC, we utilize the National & State Market Analysis module from our Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool. The values below are calculated as population weighted averages of the FCC's controlled spectrum at the county-level. On average, the FCC has nearly 3500 MHz of spectrum available. Most of that spectrum (2700 MHz) is coming from the newly identified spectrum bands (37GHz and 47GHz) along with the reconfigured and expanded 24GHz.
Transforming the 2.5 GHz Band April 24, 2018 13:57
On April 19th, the FCC opened a docket to collect comments related to "Transforming the 2.5 GHz Band". As background, the US 2.5GHz spectrum band encompasses 33 channels. 20 channels (A, B, C, D, and G groups) are designated for Educational Broadcast Service (EBS) and 13 (BRS1/2, E, F, and H) are designated for Broadband Radio Service (BRS).
Sprint owns a vast majority of the BRS licenses and leases a vast majority of the EBS licenses. The licensing limitations for this spectrum are drawn from its origins providing broadcast video services. The original licenses were formed as 35 mile radius circles centered on the video transmitting site. When two licenses overlapped, a football shaped area would be formed. A line would be drawn through the end points of the "football" splitting the overlapping license area between the two licensees. BRS licenses include both 35 mile radius licenses, geographic area licenses (entire BTA) and Entire BTA license with cutouts for existing 35 mile radius licenses.
In 2009, a Broadband Radio Service auction (Auction 86) included the remaining unlicensed areas within each BTA for the BRS channels, but the unlicensed area in each BTA for the EBS channels was not auctioned.
Channel Plan Transition:
Prior to this point, Clearwire was launching pre-WiMax networks on the EBS/BRS pre-transition band plan which was designed around video operation. As you can see in the Pre-Transition chart below, the A channels (A1, A2, A3, and A4) are separated by the B channels (B1, B2, B3, and B4). This allowed all of the A channels to be broadcast at a video site without interference. Clearwire would need to control both sets of the "interleaved" channels to have enough contiguous spectrum to launch their RAN network in a market.
To facilitate data network deployments and to protect the remaining video operations the FCC provided a way to transistion licenses to the Post-Transition band plan on a BTA market basis. If there was a significant commercial video operation in a market, that BTA market was able waived from transition and it stayed with the Pre-Transition band plan. The Post-Transition band plan put the remaining video operators into the mid-band segment (A4, B4, C4, D4, G4, F4, and E4) and provides contiguous spectrum (16.5MHz) for the rest of the channel group (e.g. A1, A2, and A3)
FCC Request for Comments:
The FCC has expressed a desire to make the EBS unlicensed area available for use. The FCC has asked whether the expansion of the licenses should include the entirety of the census tracks that license (35 mile) intersects or the entire county that the license intersects. The map below from the National EBS Association (NEBSA) illustrates the counties that would be added to each intersecting EBS license for the A1 channel. For the carriers that already lease these licenses, they would have the opportunity to deploy sites on the larger license area and would likely also pay the licensee a higher monthly payment due to the increase in licensed population. As you can also note below, this approach still leaves all of the white counties unlicensed.
The FCC would like to license the white counties in a 4 step manner:
- Existing licenses could extend their license areas to the borders of the counties they currently intersect but there may be requirements on how much of each county you must already cover.
- Rural tribal nations can apply for licenses covering their local area. License areas could be census tracks or counties.
- Accredited schools or governmental entities can apply for their local area licenses. License areas could be census tracks or counties.
- Auction remaining unlicensed area with competitive bidding.
The FCC is also proposing to change the service rules for the EBS spectrum to allow the spectrum to be sold to commercial operators rather than requiring leases.
Remaining Pre-transition Markets:
The FCC is also proposing to complete transitioning the remaining pre-transition markets so a consistent band plan would be in use nationwide. A few wireless cable operators had received waivers but most of those operators have ceased operations. This will clear interference issues between markets and facilitate the deployment of data in the Lower Band Segment (A,B,C, and D groups) and the Upper Band Segment (E,F,G, and H groups). Video operations will continue in the Mid Band Segment (A4, B4, C4, D4,G4,F4, and E4) in the markets where they operate today.
New Millimeter Wave Spectrum Bands April 5, 2018 00:00
In our last post we were discussing the next steps for the US millimeter wave spectrum after FiberTower and the FCC settled FiberTower's licensing issues. As we prepare for a 28GHz auction in November, and a 24GHz auction early next year, let's take a look at how each of the new millimeter wave frequency bands are configured. Each of these images is taken from our updated Millimeter Wave - Spectrum Ownership Analysis Tool which is now reflecting the new channel band plans for 24GHz, 37GHz, and 47GHz.
24 GHz Spectrum:
In this view we show both the expanded 24GHz band configuration and the old 24GHz configuration. All of the spectrum depth values are calculated from the New 24GHz data. We have left the old 24GHz configuration, so you can continue to see the remaining 24GHz spectrum licenses which will need to be moved over to the New 24GHz by the FCC. The current licenses are licensed for a 40MHz uplink and 40MHz downlink which won't map properly to the new band plan.
For the 37/39GHz bands we show the new 37GHz band alongside the reconfigured 39GHz band. The new 39GHz columns are not populated because the existing spectrum holders will need to be transitioned to the larger/unpaired channels in the new 39GHz plan. We are providing spectrum depth values for the new 37GHz spectrum and the old 39GHz spectrum.
We have added the new 47GHz band configurations to the Spectrum Grid and each of the spectrum depth modules.
PEA Market Analysis:
Our last addition, is a PEA Market Analysis module. This module displays spectrum depths for each selected carrier using the new FCC Auction market structure. For the 28GHz auction, you can see the amount of spectrum that will be available in each of the PEAs in the LMDS A (FCC) column on the far right of the chart.
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